European Space Agency discovers supersonic super heated plasma jets above Earth.
The European Space Agency (ESA) today announced a new phenomena associated with Birkland Currents in our ionosphere which lies 60 km (37 mi) to 1,000 km (620 mi) altitude. The currents are named after Norwegian explorer and physicist Kristian Birkeland, who undertook expeditions north of the Arctic Circle to study the aurora borealis in the early 1900's. Birkland Currents were were in fact only proven by testing carried out by U.S. Navy satellite 1963-38C, launched in 1963 and carrying a magnetometer above the ionosphere. There have been many satellites testing various features of the currents since then, including the ESA Swam Mission.
Ironically, his theory was disputed and ridiculed at the time as a fringe theory by mainstream scientists, most notoriously by the eminent British geophysicist and mathematician Sydney Chapman who argued the mainstream view that currents could not cross the vacuum of space and therefore the currents had to be generated by the Earth. Climate Scientists quoting "scientific consensus" should take note!
From the article:
...recent observations by Swarm have revealed that they are associated with large electrical fields. These fields, which are strongest in the winter, occur where upwards and downwards Birkeland currents connect through the ionosphere.
Bill Archer from the University of Calgary explained, “Using data from the Swarm satellites’ electric field instruments, we discovered that these strong electric fields drive supersonic plasma jets.
“The jets, which we call ‘Birkeland current boundary flows’, mark distinctly the boundary between current sheets moving in opposite direction and lead to extreme conditions in the upper atmosphere.
“They can drive the ionosphere to temperatures approaching 10 000°C and change its chemical composition. They also cause the ionosphere to flow upwards to higher altitudes where additional energisation can lead to loss of atmospheric material to space.”
Due to fluxes in solar radiation, temperatures in the ionosphere have been known to vary from 200 Kelvin (-99 Fahrenheit or -73 Celsius) to 500K (440 Fahrenheit or 226 Celsius). This new discovery places the upper temperature range to 10273 Kelvin (18,032 Fahrenheit or 10,000 Celsius). Surely some climate change models will need to be adjusted yet again!
We can imagine the IPCC and all the Climate Scientists scrambling for more computer power to prove that Co2 is still the primary cause of Global Warming or Climate Change. After all it appears that these are massive heat and cold pipelines moving heat in and out of our ionosphere, and now we know at up to 10,000 degrees Celcius. To make it simple for Climate Scientists we include a diagram: